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List of Research Cluster

To support the delivery of research excellence and to tackle emerging global issues, we have formed three research clusters: Biomaterial-Based Products and Technology; Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering Technology; and Industrial Applications of Bioengineering Technology. The research clusters are led by a dedicated team of academic staff who are passionate and knowledgeable about their topics. All the research clusters are committed in finding solutions that are effective in the Malaysia as well as global context.

Research Cluster UniKL MICET

Title of Research – Biomaterial-based Products and Technology

Leader – Assoc. Prof Dr Abdul Manan Bin Dos Mohamed

Member –

1. Dr. Khairul Faizal Pa’ee
2. Dr. Noriza Ahmad
3. Dr. Nor Zanariah Shafiei
4. Dr. Farah Salina Hussin
5. Dr. Masniza Mohamed
6. Dr. Nor Raihana Mohamed Zam
7. Madam Rinani Shima Abdul Rashid

Selected Publications
1. M.M. Khairuddin, F.A. Yusriza, N.A.A. Rahman, A.M.D. Mohamed, S.A. Rahim, M.F. Ahmad, Halal logistics and supply chain management research: Recent COVID- 19 effects and future development, in: Halal Logist. Supply Chain Manag. Recent Trends Issues, 2022: pp. 230–235. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003223719-23.
2. N. Abd-Talib, E.L.A. Yaji, N.S.A. Wahab, N. Razali, K.Y.T. Len, J. Roslan, N. Saari, K.F. Pa’ee, Bioactive Peptides and Its Alternative Processes: A Review, Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 27 (2022) 306–335. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12257-021-0160-8.
3. N.Y. Abd Rashid, M.A. Manan, K.F. Pa’ee, N. Saari, F.W. Faizal Wong, Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of fish protein hydrolysate produced from Malaysian fish sausage (Keropok Lekor) by-products by indigenous Lactobacillus casei fermentation, J. Clean. Prod. 347 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131303.
4. S.A. Zaman, H. Kamilah, A.Z.R.A. Seruji, K.F. Pa’ee, S.R. Sarbini, Physicochemical properties and the functional food potential of resistant sago (Metroxylon sagu) starch type IV produced by phosphorylation/acetylation treatment, J. Food Meas. Charact. 16 (2022) 1702–1709. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-01263-4.
5. N.N.H. Mohd Rosli, N.H. Harun, R. Abdul Rahman, N. Ngadi, S. Samsuri, N.A. Amran, N.Z. Safiei, F.H. Ab Hamid, Z.Y. Zakaria, M. Jusoh, Preservation of total phenolic content (TPC) in cucumber juice concentrate using non-thermal Progressive Freeze Concentration: Quantitative design characteristics and process optimization, J. Clean. Prod. 330 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129705.
6. I. Azmy, S. Samsuri, N.A. Amran, N.Z. Safiei, M. Jusoh, F.H.A. Hamid, Heat Transfer Model: Preservation of Antioxidant via Progressive Freeze Concentration, Chem. Eng. Trans. 94 (2022) 1393–1398. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET2294232.

1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Manan Dos Mohamed: Kinetics of leucine and glutamine aminopeptidase activities of Tetragenococcus halophilus strains for mapping of savoury flavour profile in anchovy short-term fermentation. FRGS Grant.
2. Dr. Khairul Faizal Pa’ee: Accelerating the growth of microalgae using biostimulant for sustainable lipid and protein production. UniKL – UTP Collaboration Research Fund.
3. Dr. Khairul Faizal Pa’ee: Exploration Of The Molecular Interaction Between Angiontensin-I-Converting Enzyme (ACE) And The Inhibitory Peptides Derived From Red Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) By-Product In Lowering Blood Pressure. FRGS Grant.
4. Dr. Nor Zanariah Safiei: Progressive freeze concentration of cucumber juice for preservation of antioxidants. FRGS Grant.

Title of Research – Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering Technology (Gchem-SET)

Leader – ChM Dr Mohd Zulkhairi Bin Abdul Rahim

Member –

1. Prof. Dr. Robert Thomas Bachman
2. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Naim Ahmad Yahaya
3. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ong Siew Kooi
4. Assoc. Prof. ChM. Ts. Dr. Norzahir Sapawe
5. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kelly Yong Tau Len
6. Ts. Dr. Muzafar Zulkifli
7. ChM. Dr. Amelia Md.Som
8. ChM. Dr. Nor Nadiah Mohamad Yusof
9. Dr. Amin Safwan Alikasturi
10. Dr. Wan Noor Aidawati W.Nadhari
11. Dr. Noor Faizah Che Harun
12. Dr. Siti Nurul Atikah Abd Halim
13. Dr. Chin Lip Han
14. Ts. Mohd Edyazuan Azni
15. Ts. Haniza Kahar
16. ChM. Lily Suhaila Yacob
17. Ms. Asimi Ana Ahmad
18. Ms. Zaida Rahayu Yet

Selected Publications
1. A.I. Galadima, M.M. Salleh, H. Hussin, C.C. Shiong, A. Yahaya, S.E. Mohamad, S.A. Aziz, N.N.M. Yusof, A.F.M. Al-Junid, Improvement of biovanillin production with two-stage pH control strategy from lemongrass leaves hydrolysates using Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC 24725 in batch culture, Biomass Convers. Biorefinery. 12 (2022) 2727–2736. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-00980-y.
2. N.A. Karim, N.A.F.N. Lah, S.A. Rahman, W.N.A.W. Nadhari, Z.F.Z. Gaffar, Strength properties of mixed cocopeat fibres and Merawan Siput Jantan (Hopea odorata spp.) bonded with partial rubber latex adhesive and nano- SiO2in particleboard manufacturing, in: AIP Conf. Proc., 2022. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0078301.
3. J.X. Liew, C.S. Loh, J.G. Boon, S. Apalasamy, J.Y. Liew, W.N.A.W. Nadhari, C.P. Leh, Effect of hydrogen peroxide bleaching duration on Sesbania grandiflora pulp, in: AIP Conf. Proc., 2022. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0078265.
4. S.A. Aida, N.L. Chin, A.I. Nur, N.M.Y. Nor, A.Y. Yus, A review on production, application, and toxicological analyses of nanocrystalline cellulose as a novel fat replacer food additive, Food Res. 6 (2022) 1–11. https://doi.org/10.26656/fr.2017.6(3).231.
5. M. Danish, Z. Pin, L. Ziyang, T. Ahmad, S. Majeed, A.N. Ahmad Yahya, W.A. Khanday, H.P.S. Abdul Khalil, Preparation and characterization of banana trunk activated carbon using H3PO4 activation: A rotatable central composite design approach, Mater. Chem. Phys. 282 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2022.125989.
6. M.M.A. Ayash, A.F.M. Alkarkhi, S.S. Abu Amr, M.N. Mahmud, M. Zulkifli, Statistical model for comparing the performance of two coagulants using response surface model, Desalin. Water Treat. 256 (2022) 125–138. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2022.28378.
7. S.H. Mohamed, M.S. Hossain, M.H.M. Kassim, V. Balakrishnan, M.A. Habila, A. Zulkharnain, M. Zulkifli, A.N.A. Yahaya, Biosorption of Cr(VI) Using Cellulose Nanocrystals Isolated from the Waterless Pulping of Waste Cotton Cloths with Su-Percritical CO2: Isothermal, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics Studies, Polymers (Basel). 14 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14050887.
8. P. Karananidi, T. Valente, M.A.S. Braga, M. Reepei, M.I.N.F. Pechy, Z. Wang, R.T. Bachmann, S. Jusop, A.M. Som, Acid sulfate soils decrease surface water quality in coastal area of West Malaysia: Quo Vadis?, Geoderma Reg. 28 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.2021.e00467.
9. N.A. Jamaludin, N.F.C. Harun, A Facile Conjugation of 6-Hydroxylflavone Biomolecule with Polyethylene Glycol for Enhancing Conjugate Stability, Int. J. Technol. 13 (2022) 575–583. https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v13i3.5336.
10. S. Irdina, A. Firouzi, M.R. Islam, M.G. Sumdani, A.N.A. Yahaya, Rheological and Mechanical Properties of Polyisobutylene Filled with Nanosilica, Zinc Oxide and Titanium Oxide, in: Adv. Struct. Mater., 2022: pp. 271–287. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-01488-8_23.
11. P.N.S.M.M. Kamal, N.S.A.S. Alikasturi, CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF CELLULOSE TO LEVULINIC ACID USING SUPPORTED NOBLE METAL PALLADIUM CATALYST, Malaysian J. Anal. Sci. 26 (2022) 119–129. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85128206769&partnerID=40&md5=8e3749e99a1afbc53e843ce13a191616.
12. A. Zulkifli, F.N.A. Samad, N.A. Rosli, N.A. Jamaluddin, N.N.M. Yusof, N.F.C. Harun, THE CONJUGATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF THERMORESONSIVE POLY (N-ISOPROPYLACRYLAMIDE) WITH TERNATIN BIOMOLECULE, Malaysian J. Anal. Sci. 26 (2022) 109–118. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85128182905&partnerID=40&md5=d29134f1c376bd95727967c7f21cea72.
13. M.K.M. Ilias, M.S. Hossain, M.H. Zuknik, V. Balkakrishnan, A. Al-Gheethi, A.A. Ghfar, A. Zulkharnain, A.N.A. Yahaya, Valorization of the chicken by-product waste with supercritical CO2 inactivation of microbes towards sustainable utilization, Biomass Convers. Biorefinery. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-022-02454-9.
14. N.Z.M. Zuhudi, F.A.M. Fadzil, M. Zulkifli, A.N.A. Yahaya, N.M. Nur, N.A.A. Rahman, W.N.W. Jusoh, A Rheological Study of Fibre Reinforced Composites and The Factors That Affect Rheological Behaviour During Impregnation Process: A Review, J. Adv. Res. Fluid Mech. Therm. Sci. 89 (2022) 167–181. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.89.2.167181.
15. M.S. Nidzam, M.S. Hossain, N. Ismail, R.A. Latip, M.K.M. Ilias, M.B.M. Siddique, M. Zulkifli, Influence of the Degumming Process Parameters on the Formation of Glyceryl Esters and 3-MCPDE in Refined Palm Oil: Optimization and Palm Oil Quality Analyses, Foods. 11 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010124.
16. A.N. Syimir Fizal, M.S. Hossain, M. Zulkifli, N.A. Khalil, H. Abd Hamid, A.N. Ahmad Yahaya, Implementation of the supercritical CO2 technology for the extraction of candlenut oil as a promising feedstock for biodiesel production: potential and limitations, Int. J. Green Energy. 19 (2022) 72–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2021.1930007.
17. A. Ansar, A.N. Ahmad Yahaya, A.A. Kamil, R. Sabani, M. Murad, S. Aisyah, A new innovative breakthrough in the production of salt from bittern using a spray dryer, Heliyon. 8 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11060.
18. A.S. Aridi, Y.A. Yusof, C.N. Ling, N.A. Ishak, N.N.M. Yusof, Isolation of Cellulose from Leucaena leucocephala Mature Pods and How Different Bleaching Agents Affect Its Characterization, Mater. Perform. Charact. 11 (2022) 236–243. https://doi.org/10.1520/MPC20210118.
19. Y. Honda, S. Onodera, H. Takemoto, N.F.C. Harun, T. Nomoto, M. Matsui, K. Tomoda, Y. Sun, Y. Miura, N. Nishiyama, Thermo-Responsive Polymer-siRNA Conjugates Enabling Artificial Control of Gene Silencing around Body Temperature, Pharm. Res. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-022-03414-8.
20. M.I. Tanimu, M.A.A. Halid, S.K. Loh, R.T. Bachmann, Isolation and characterisation of hemicelluloses from oil palm empty fruit bunches, Biomass Convers. Biorefinery. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-022-03456-3.
21. A.N.S. Fizal, H. Saad, M.A. Salim, N.A. Khalil, M. Zulkifli, A.N.A. Yahaya, Mechanical Properties and Characterization of Graphene Nanoparticles Conductive Ink at Different Pattern, in: Key Eng. Mater., 2022: pp. 15–22. https://doi.org/10.4028/p-14vv2f.
22. A.A. Alsaedi, M.S. Hossain, V. Balakrishnan, A.N. Ahmad Yahaya, N. Ismail, M. Naushad, C. Bathula, M.I. Ahmad, Extraction of Municipal Sewage Sludge Lipids Using Supercritical CO2for Biodiesel Production: Mathematical and Kinetics Modeling, J. Chem. 2022 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7349052.
23. K.A. Khalid, V. Karunakaran, N. Abd-Talib, K.F. Pa’ee, W.Y. Tong, M.R. Anuar, T.-L.K. Yong, Oil palm lignin under subcritical phenol conditions as precursor for carbon fibre production, Biomass Convers. Biorefinery. 12 (2022) 5505–5513. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01051-y.
24. M.S. Hossain, S.A. Rashdi, Y. Hamed, A. Al-Gheethi, F.M. Omar, M. Zulkifli, A.N. Ahmad Yahaya, Implementation of FeSO4·H2O as an Eco-Friendly Coagulant for the Elimination of Organic Pollutants from Tertiary Palm Oil Mill Effluent: Process Optimization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics Studies, Water (Switzerland). 14 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/w14223602.
25. S.A. Halim, N.A. Mohd, N.A. Razali, A comparative assessment of biofuel products from rice husk and oil palm empty fruit bunch obtained from conventional and microwave pyrolysis, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 134 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2022.104305.
26. M.A. Safuan, S.K. Ong, M.N. Solehah, D.A. Ibrahim, A.S. Hashim, Preliminary study on polyisoprene-modified natural rubber via in-situ polymerization of isoprene in deproteinized natural rubber latex, Mater. Today Proc. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.06.567.
27. N. Rozulan, S.A. Halim, N. Razali, S.S. Lam, A review on direct carboxylation of glycerol waste to glycerol carbonate and its applications, Biomass Convers. Biorefinery. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-022-02540-y.
28. N.A. Che Nasir, M.S. Saharudin, W.N. Wan Jusoh, O.S. Kooi, Effect of Nanofillers on the Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Nanocomposites, in: Adv. Struct. Mater., 2022: pp. 199–208. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-89988-2_15.

1. Prof. Dr. Robert Thomas Bachmann: Anaerobic degradation mechanism and kinetics of labile biochar carbon synthesized from cellulose and lignin at different thermo-chemical conditions. FRGS Grant.
2. Prof. Dr. Robert Thomas Bachmann: Development of biodegradable biochar filled LDPE for application as nursery polybag. AGARWOOD Grant.
3. Prof. Dr. Robert Thomas Bachmann: Effect of growth and process conditions on forage and fuel properties of HTG. BSW Grant.
4. Prof. Dr. Robert Thomas Bachmann: Methane biosynthesis from labile biochar carbons derived from date palm constituents at different thermo-chemical condition. MoHERI Grant.
5. Assoc. Prof. ChM. Ts. Dr. Norzahir Sapawe: Mechanism and Structure-Activity Relationship of Magnetic Polymer Bead Based Hybrid Catalyst for Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Contaminants. FRGS Grant.
6. Assoc. Prof. ChM. Ts. Dr. Norzahir Sapawe: Structural elucidation and mechanistic study on the formation of mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) from palm waste for membrane fabrication. FRGS Grant.
7. Assoc. Prof. ChM. Ts. Dr. Norzahir Sapawe: Studies of CO2 Adsorption inside Amino Acid Ionic Liquid (AAIL) on Metal Organic Framework (ZIF – 8). UniKL – UTP Collaboration Research Fund.
8. Assoc. Prof. ChM. Ts. Dr. Norzahir Sapawe: Synthesis of titanium supported on microwave-assisted mesoporous zinc nanoparticle for photocatalytic degradation of phenolic compound. UERGS Grant.
9. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kelly Yong Tau Len: Development of Deep Eutectic Solvent Derived Lignin/TiO2 Composite for Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction. UniKL – UTP Collaboration Research Fund.
10. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kelly Yong Tau Len: Mechanism and Pathways of the Cleavage Specificity in Lignin-derived Oil Palm Biomass using Deep Eutectic Solvent as Novel Carbon Fibre Precursor. FRGS Grant.
11. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Naim Ahmad Yahaya: Candle Nut Oil Extraction Through Supercritical Fluid/CO2 Extraction for Biofuel Production. STRG Grant.
12. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Naim Ahmad Yahaya: Extraction of Lipid from Sewage Sludge for Biodiesel Production. UERGS Grant.
13. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Naim Ahmad Yahaya: Fabrication of magnetic chitosan-cellulose nanocomposite as eco-friendly and rapid separable biosorbent for heavy metals separation. FRGS Grant.
14. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Naim Ahmad Yahaya: Waste Sewage Sludge Biomass Energy from Natural Rubber Industry. UERGS Grant.
15. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ong Siew Kooi: Development of the structure-rheology of polyethylene/biocarbon composites. CRGS Grant.
16. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ong Siew Kooi: Mechanistic Study of Novel Polyisoprene?Modified Natural Rubber with High Elasticity, Entanglement and Physical Crosslink Density. FRGS Grant.
17. Ts. Dr. Muzafar Zulkifli: Antimicrobial capability of inorganic material as fillers in polycarbonate/acrylonitrile butadiene styrene thermoplastic elastomer: Kinetics and effect on Morphology and Rheological Properties. UERGS Grant.
18. Ts. Dr. Muzafar Zulkifli: Effect of Parameters Manipulation on Cellulose Extraction Process and Production of Cellulose Transparent Film from Oil Palm Frond. STRG Grant.
19. Ts. Dr. Muzafar Zulkifli: Fundamental Study of Colloidal Stability and Dispersion of Novel Nanosized Conductive Polyaniline (PANI)/ Natural Rubber Latex (NRL) Film For Antimicrobial Applications. FRGS Grant.
20. ChM. Dr. Amelia Md.Som: Elucidating the limiting factors and synergism of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and sulphate reducing bacteria in sustainable acid sulfate soil amelioration. FRGS Grant.
21. ChM. Lily Suhaila Yacob: Magnesia Cement as a Novel Sustainable Binder for Peat Stabilization. STRG Grant.
22. Dr. Amin Safwan Alikasturi: Intrinsic kinetic modelling of cellulose hydrolysis towards levulinic acid using nobel Pt-Pd metals on silica-alumina support. FRGS Grant.
23. Dr. Chin Lip Han: Antibacterial Effects of Gaseous Ozone on Methicillin-Resistant StaphylococcusAureus (MRSA). UERGS Grant.
24. Dr. Noor Faizah Binti Che Harun: Artificial Controlled Ternatin Drug Activity Based on Phase Transition Behavior of Conjugated Polymer. FRGS Grant.
25. Dr. Siti Nurul Atikah Abdul Halim: Mechanism of nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon monolith formation via gallic acid-based deep eutectic mixture as novel carbonaceous precursors. FRGS Grant.

Title of Research – Industrial Applications of Bioengineering Technologies

Leader – Dr Leong Chean Ring

Member –

1. Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ruzainah Ali
2. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suzana Wahidin
3. Ts. Dr. Sharifah Soplah Syed Abdullah
4. Ts. Dr. Rozyanti Mohamad
5. Ts. Dr. Sharifah Mariam Sayed Hitam
6. Ts. Dr. Zainatul ‘Asyiqin Shamsuddin
7. ChM. Dr. Nor Nadiah Mohd Yusof
8. Dr. Muhamad Yusuf Hasan
9. Dr. Nik Ida Mardiana Nik Pa
10. Dr. Shahrulzaman Shaharuddin

Selected Publication
1. B.A. Samling, Z. Assim, W.-Y. Tong, C.-R. Leong, S.A. Rashid, N.N.S. Nik Mohamed Kamal, M. Muhamad, W.-N. Tan, Cynometra cauliflora essential oils loaded-chitosan nanoparticles: Evaluations of their antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 210 (2022) 742–751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.04.230.
2. S.S. Syed Abdullah, F.A. Faisul Aris, S.N.N. Said Azmi, J.H.S. Anak John, N.N. Khairul Anuar, A.S.F. Mohd Asnawi, Development and evaluation of ciprofloxacin-bacterial cellulose composites produced through in situ incorporation method, Biotechnol. Reports. 34 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.btre.2022.e00726.
3. W.-N. Tan, K. Nagarajan, V. Lim, J. Azizi, K.-Y. Khaw, W.-Y. Tong, C.-R. Leong, N.J.-Y. Chear, Metabolomics Analysis and Antioxidant Potential of Endophytic Diaporthe fraxini ED2 Grown in Different Culture Media, J. Fungi. 8 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8050519.
4. Y.B. Drusilla Wendy, M.Z. Nor Fauziah, Y. Siti Baidurah, W.Y. Tong, C.K. Lee, Production and characterization of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) BY Burkholderia cepacia BPT1213 using waste glycerol as carbon source, Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol. 41 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2022.102310.
5. G.J. Minturo, R. Noorain, S.M.S. Hitam, A. Shoiful, M.E. Azni, L. Ernawati, R. Abdullah, R. Mohamad, Immobilized Nannochloropsis oculata in a down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor for the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME), in: IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., 2022. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1017/1/012024.
6. M.A. Taher, W.-N. Tan, N.J.-Y. Chear, C.-R. Leong, S.A. Rashid, W.-Y. Tong, Metabolites characterisation of endophytic Phyllosticta fallopiae L67 isolated from Aloe vera with antimicrobial activity on diabetic wound microorganisms, Nat. Prod. Res. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2022.2103127.
7. N.A. Abu Bakar, A.M. Roslan, M.A. Hassan, M.D. Abdul Rahman, R. Mohamad, K.N. Ibrahim, Structural Modification of Empty and Partially Filled Paddy Grain Through Hydrothermal Pre-treatment as a Novel Substrate for Fermentable Glucose Production, Starch/Staerke. 74 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1002/star.202100299.
8. M.E. Azni, A.Z. Abidin, R. Noorain, S.M.S. Hitam, L. Ernawati, R. Abdullah, A. Shoiful, R. Mohamad, Performance of Chlorella sp. and Multicultural Bacteria in Removing Pollutants from Nutrient-Rich Wastewater, ASEAN J. Chem. Eng. 22 (2022) 42–57. https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.69427.
9. S.A. Rashid, N.S.M. Rosli, T.S. Hway, T.W. Yenn, L.C. Ring, F.A.M. Yusof, T. Wen-Nee, Naringenin-Grafted Polyvinyl Alcohol (Na/PVA) Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterisation and In Vitro Evaluation of Its Antimicrobial Efficiency on Fresh Beef, Trop. Life Sci. Res. 33 (2022) 143–161. https://doi.org/10.21315/tlsr2022.33.1.9.
10. K. Nagarajan, B. Ibrahim, A.A. Bawadikji, J.-W. Lim, W.-Y. Tong, C.-R. Leong, K.Y. Khaw, W.-N. Tan, Recent Developments in Metabolomics Studies of Endophytic Fungi, J. Fungi. 8 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8010028.
11. L. Chean Ring, T. Woei Yenn, T. Wen Nee, N.S. Mohd nor Hamin, C. See Yuan, S.R. Suboh, N.F. Jamaludin, N.I.J. Mubin, Antimicrobial Evaluation of Parkia speciosa-Coated Textile in Food Processing Settings, J. Nat. Fibers. 19 (2022) 586–596. https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2020.1758278.
12. Y.-M. Wei, J.-S. Tan, H.-W. Tang, W.-Y. Tong, C.-R. Leong, W.-N. Tan, Bioprospecting of Endophytic Fungi as Promising Anti-MRSA Agents, Nat. Prod. Sci. 28 (2022) 93–104. https://doi.org/10.20307/nps.2022.28.3.93.
13. S.A. Rashid, A.I. Mohd Razali, W.Y. Tong, C.R. Leong, W.N. Tan, Ferulic Acid-Grafted Cellulose Nanocrystal Film as a Feasible Antimicrobial Finishing for Wound Dressing, J. Nat. Fibers. 19 (2022) 8727–8737. https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2021.1967827.
14. I.N. Ibrahim, N.A. Kamaruding, N. Ismail, S. Shaharuddin, Value addition to ice cream by fortification with okara and probiotic, J. Food Process. Preserv. 46 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.16253.
15. F.N.A. Hanafi, N.A. Kamaruding, S. Shaharuddin, Influence of coconut residue dietary fiber on physicochemical, probiotic (Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 8014) survivability and sensory attributes of probiotic ice cream, LWT. 154 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2021.112725.
16. A.A.M. Ropi, S. Shaharuddin, Immobilization Efficiency of Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC8014 on Palm Kernel Cake Toward Different Microbial Volume and Fiber Particle Size, in: Adv. Struct. Mater., 2022: pp. 361–368. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-01488-8_30.
17. N.N. Ahmad Puat, N.A. Kamaruding, S. Shaharuddin, Effect of dual-functional coating of chicken fillet with pectin-curcumin-lemongrass oil emulsion on the shelf-life stability and fat uptake during frying, Acta Aliment. 51 (2022) 448–457. https://doi.org/10.1556/066.2022.00102.
18. N.A. Kamaruding, N.A. Muhammad Daud, N. Ismail, S. Shaharuddin, Effect of Different Solubilization pH Values on the Functional Properties of Protein Spirulina platensis Isolated Through Acidic Precipitation, J. Aquat. Food Prod. Technol. 31 (2022) 1025–1037. https://doi.org/10.1080/10498850.2022.2131495.

1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suzana Wahidin: Elucidation of diatom frustule nanostructure formation and growth on light wavelength and the reaction mechanism. FRGS Grant.
2. Ts. Dr. Zainatul ‘Asyiqin Shamsuddin: Metabolic pathway elucidation of rhamnolipid biosynthesis by a non-pathogenic Burkholderia thailandensis E264 through metabolomic profiling approach. FRGS Grant.
3. Ts. Dr. Rozyanti Mohamad: Cultivation of marine microalgae using attached continuous system for simultaneous wastewater treatment and bioactive compounds production. UERGS Grant.
4. Dr. Leong Chean Ring: Elucidation of molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of a novel drug, Phomopsidione on bacteria biofilms formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. FRGS Grant.
5. Dr. Muhamad Yusuf Hasan: Program Business Advancement and Standard Development (BASE) – Research & Development (R&D) – Product Analysis. ADAPT Grant.
6. Dr. Muhamad Yusuf Hasan: Program Pembangunan Usahawan Teknologi Lanjutan (ADAPTS) untuk ROSFANIAGA SERVICES SDN. BHD. ADAPT Grant.

Branch Campus Malaysian Institute of Chemical & Bioengineering Technology (UniKL MICET)

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